Mina is also called as Tent City. It is situated in the neighborhood of Makkah in the western region of Saudi Arabia. It is situated 5 kilometers to the east of the city of Makkah. This place stands on roads to Makkah city center to the hill of Arafat. It covers an area of approximately 20 km².
This place is best known for his role during the Hajj. More than 100,000 air-conditioned tents that gave shelter to more than 3 million people provide temporary accommodation to visiting pilgrims. In the valley of Mina is the Jamarat Bridge, the location where the ritual of the Stoning of the Devil is performed, this rite is performed between sunrise and sunset on the last day of the Hajj. Mina is the place where pilgrims throw stones on the devil, commemorate the occasion when the Prophet Hazrat Ibrahim (Abraham) stoned the Devil that came between him and the command of Allah Almighty to sacrifice his son. Many pilgrims at Hajj walk around the Khana Kabah seven times, then visit the Well of Zam Zam. Hajj pilgrimage spends their first night in the Valley of Mina. This ritual occurs from the eighth to the twelfth day of Dhul Hijjah in the Ḥajj. At Mina, men and women are not allowed to sleep together even they are married separate tents are provided to them.
During the Syrian Civil War, the international community pressured the Saudi Arabian Government to use unoccupied tent city to give shelter to the war refugees.
2015 Panic Incident
On 24 September 2015, an overcrowding situation caused more than 2,000 people to suffocate and crushed to death while injured pilgrims were 934 during the annual Hajj pilgrimage in Mina, Makkah. The incident occurs at the intersection of streets named as 204 and 223 leading up to Jamarat Bridge. It is the deadliest accident to occur in the Hajj since the 1990 disaster that killed 1,426 pilgrims. It is the deadliest stampede of the 21st century. This crowd collapse caused the deaths of at least 2,236. Estimates of the number of dead vary the Associated Press of the country reported 2,411 dead during the Hajj.
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